Echocardiography is an imaging technique to examine the heart by use of an ultrasound . The cardiac chambers, walls and valves can be directly visualised . Echocardiography is a safe, non-invasive procedure used to diagnose cardiovascular disease. The anatomy, structure, and function of the heart is visualized . It provides the doctor with information about the size and shape of the heart and also how well the heart’s chambers and valves are working. Tthe presence and severity of heart valve problems, as well as determine abnormal flow within the heart can be quickly diagnosed . This window to the heart enables the doctor to diagnose a number of cardiovascular diseases and aides in determining appropriate treatment options.
The sound waves that are sent through a device called a transducer. The transducer picks up echoes of the sound waves as they reflect off the different parts of your heart. These sound waves are turned into moving pictures of your heart that can be seen on the ultrasound monitor.
Pediatric and Neonatal Echocardiography
Echocardiography is utilized by all of pediatric cardiologists. It is a technique which helps in the diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart disease.. Congenital heart disease (CHD) involves diseases from a small hole in the heart to very complex congenital abnormalities. Performing echocardiography in children is very difficult and cardiologists have not only to master a procedural skill, but interpreting these images is equally challenging .Some types of CHD are quite rare, it is often difficult to interpret these images